2021 March 25 4 min read
Insulin resistance is one of the most well-known diseases in our modern society, yet many of us know little about it and are not sufficiently informed. Unfortunately, many people do not know what this metabolic disorder means and what are its most typical symptoms. In this article, you can find out everything you need to know about IR and the recognition and causes of diabetes. Our D-life team tries to help you in everything!
What does insulin resistance mean?
Insulin resistance is often confused with type II diabetes and prediabetes, so it is first important to clarify the difference between the three diseases:
In summary, during IR the cells involved in carbohydrate metabolism become insensitive and the blood sugar level remains permanently high. When hyperinsulinemia occurs, the pancreas produces more and more hormones to break down sugar. The beta cells involved in the insulin-producing process, on the other hand, get tired after a while, and diabetes develops as a compensatory process. This is also why insulin resistance is often referred to as the anteroom of diabetes.
Among the causes of diabetes, genetic predisposition and an unhealthy lifestyle have a significant impact. People with a family history of diabetes are more likely to develop IR. But obesity, one-sided eating and a sedentary lifestyle also play a role in the development of diabetes.
IR is often the background of other diseases. For example:
What is the method of diagnosis?
The insulin level in the blood can be determined by several test methods, the sugar load test is most often used in medical offices. During the measurement of the insulin level, a certain amount of sugar must be consumed in the form of a solution on an empty stomach. During the laboratory test, it can be shown from the blood to what extent the amount of sugar ingested raised the blood sugar level, as well as by how much the insulin level in the blood increased as a result of the sugar load. Blood must be taken from the patient 3 times: before drinking the solution, 60 minutes, and 120 minutes after the sugar load. This is also why the screening test is called a 3-point sugar load.
Treatment of insulin resistance
An upset insulin level can be effectively remedied mainly by radically changing your lifestyle. The experts primarily recommend regular, moderate-intensity aerobic, cardio and strengthening forms of exercise at least 3-4 times a week, which can be used to control carbohydrate metabolism disorders and it is very important to develop a suitable special diet!
In our next article, you can find out what you need to pay attention to when creating a new and safe IR diet. Find out everything about the basics of the IR diet!
Sincerely, D-life team.
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